Passage Two

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Very appreciated to my leader, setting such a good habit of reading half an hour every other day morning. It is Tuesday and Thursday on working days.Reading books has been a habit of my daily life. No matter what kind of book, I need read several pages. Otherwises, I feel something missed in a day.

  1. If we understand the way the world is really organized-even though that may be completely opposite to what we expect- we can fit in with that way and get much more of what we care about with much less energy.

  2. It's impossible to make real improvements to our lives unless we do things differently.

  3. intensely

  4. I can sing the praise of the 80/20 Way and say without hesitation how miraculous it is. 

  5. 80 percent of results come from only 20 percent of causes or effort. 

  6. It has turbo-boosted their careers, and enabled them to escape the rat-race treadmill.

  7. In 1990 I ditched a conventional career. 

  8. I've always allowed large tracts of time for family, friends, and sheer enjoyment of life.

  9. I was taken aback when he said ...

  10. Heard how great the book was, tried to get the hang of it, but I failed.

  11. The book is breezy and easy.

  12. It revolves around two ideas: The law of focus: less is more. The law of progress: we can create more with less. 

  13. It is not necessary to do extraordinary things to get extraordinary results.     ---Warren Buffett

  14. Instead of working to live, we live to work.

  15. greater social equalty and fraternity

  16. dispite our increasingly frantic striving, rededes ever further from us

  17. low social standing

  18. missing out on the increasing material delights enjoyed by those on the fast track

  19. But the fast track is not without its hazards. For many it means a single-minded obsession with getting ahead, total commitment to the job at the expense of personal relationships, and a frenzied lifestyle where work takes precedence over everything elso.

  20. strike a chord

  21. screw up our personal lives

  22. I'm referring to the 80/20 principle, the observation that roughtly 80 percent of results stem from 20 percent or fewer of causes. 

  23. drive progress throught the modern world

  24. If it were so appllied, we could enjoy life much more, work less, and achieve more.

  25. In reality, the best way to achieve more is to do less. Less is more when we concentrate on the few things that are truly important, not the least of which is happiness for ourselves and our loved ones. 

  26. I mustn't run ahead of myself.

  27. Let me introduce you properly to the 80/20 principle, one of the most mind-blowing, far-reaching, and surprising discoveries of the past 200 years. 

  28. Make the wonky world even stranger.

  29. in this curious and lopsided world

  30. The world routinely divides into a few very powerful influences and the mass of totally unimportant ones.

  31. The power of the 80/20 principle lies in the fact that it is counter-intuitive, it's not what we expect. 

  32. an innate sense of fairness

  33. It was staggered to learn that 17 percent of customers yielded 93 percent of profits.

  34. In every age, it is the celebrated few scientists who make the vast majority of discoveries.

  35. Crime statistics repertedly show that about 20 percent of thieves make off with 80 percent of the loot.

  36. It may have fizzled out by the time you read this.

  37. Note that 80/20 is simply shorthand for a very lopsided relationship between causes and results. The mubers don't have to add up to 100. In some cases, 30 percent of causes may lead to 70 percent of results.

  38. bet fair, the world's leading 'betting exchange', where individuals take bets with other individuals, says that 90 percent of the money staked comes from 10 percent of its clients.

  39. Stanley Milgram     'six degrees of separation'

  40. in an outbreak of gonorrhea in ...

  41. new ventures

  42. History is full of cases where a tiny minority of players have diverted its whole course.

  43. As the high performers are not 10 or 20 times more intelligent that other people, it is the methods and resources they use that are unusually powerful.

  44. There are always a small minority of every powerful forces and a great mass of unimportant ones.

  45. No prize for guessing the species.

  46. be churned out time and again

  47. inventories

  48. The whole process of life is the perfect expression of the 80/20 principle, taken to its fullest extent.

  49. Diminutive causes, massive results.

  50. Evolution presents a stunning example of selectivity. 

  51. The 80/20 principle works everythere in life. It's surprising and amazing. It's not what we expect. There is a big imbalance between causes and results. Most causes have little result, a few transform life.

  52. elitist

  53. It is a fallacy that there is any restriction on who uses the 80/20 principle or that it is a zero-sum gain.

  54. To object to improvement on the grounds that it is elitist is wrong-headed: progress is desirable and helps everyone. Perfection and equality are equally impossible, and in my opinion equally undesirable. 

  55. We use the 80/20 Way to go with the grain of the universe, producing better results more easily. 

  56. We will always have something to improve.

  57. The 80/20 principle can make us happy, fulfilled, and relaxed. We start by creating more with less ...

  How often do you say to people “I’m busy” or “I haven’t got time for that。” (12)It’s inevitable true that all of us live a life in the far slain, even though we know that being busy is not always particular healthy。 Growing-up in New Zealand, everything was always calm and slow, people enjoy the tranquility of a slower pace of life。 After I moved to the Tokyo and lived there in a number of years, (13) I got used to having a pilot to do lists。 And my calendar always looks like a mass with lots of things to do。 Return across it, I found myself feeling my timer with endless work meetings in social events。 Russian along as busy as it be。 Then, one day, (14) I came across a book, called in praise of slowness and realized that being busy is not only detrimental, but also has the danger of turning life into endless race。 So I started practicing various practical steps, mentioned by the author of the book, and began to revolt against every idea of being too busy。 It doesn’t mean that to do lists no longer exist, (15) but I become more aware of the important of slowing down and making sure that I enjoy the daily activities as I care about。 From now on, when someone asked how your life is, try your responding with the words like “exciting and fun”, instead of the culture norm that says busy。 Say if your experience that tranquility that follows。


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Chapter 2: Create More with Less

  1. Many might go to heaven with half the labor they go to hell.  ---Ben Jonson

  2. Computers keep getting cheaper, smaller, easier to use, and more powerful. They exemplify more with less.

  3. We can often get more with less simply by leaving something out. 

  4. It is scant exaggeration to say that more with less is the basic principle by which modern science, technology, and business advance living standards everywhere.

  5. They can never rest on their laurels.

  6. Life in the fast lane turns into work in the fast lane. There is certainly more challenge, more stimulation, and more money, but there is also total submission to work demands, more burnout, and pervasive anxiety.

  7. a more balanced and relaxed life

  8. Many of the things we do absorb energy but are worse than useless. Worry is a prime example. Worry is never useful. When we find ourselves worrying, we should either act and not worry, or decide not to act and not worry. If we can act to avoid a bad fate or reduce its chance of happening--and the action is worthwhile--then we should act and not worry. If, on the other hand, we can't control or influence what will happen, then worrying will cause us distress but not help us: we should not act and not worry. Worries will always arise but we can do without them, instantly deciding to act or not act, but in either case not to worry.

  9. We have a big project ahead of us: nothing less thanthe reversal of modern work and living habits, the change from more with more to more with less in our personal, social, and professional lives.

  10. Social fashions don't change all that easily or quickly.

  11. The Calvinist notion that toil and trouble are essential for personal advancement is so deeply rooted in the culture and working assumptions of modern life that it will take a generation to uproot it.

  12. It is always possible to improve anything in our lives, not by a small amount, but by a large amount. The way to make the improvement is to ask, "What will give me a much better result for much less energy?"

  13. By deliberately cutting back on what we put into the task and yet asking for much more, we force ourselves to think hard and do something different. This is the root of all progress.

  14. blunder

  15. It's incredibly corny, but the best things in life are free or nearly free, giving a fantastic return on effort.

  16. The reward is out of proprotion to the effort.

  17. The only way to take leaps forward in our lives is to demand more with less.

  18. A bit of upfront thinking is a small price for a huge lifetime reward.

  19. One final element of more with less that can make a big difference to our lives is the role that habit plays. Anything we do is much more difficult the first time, and gets progressively easier the more we do it, to the point where it bacomes easier to do it than not to do it. A terrific example is exercise.

  20. What's fieeicult becomes easy and what's easy often creates difficulties.

  21. Why work hard for nothing, when a few habits that become second nature can give you a healthy rhythm every day?

  22. We get more reward with less energy if we adopt rewarding habits earlier rather than later. But also, given human nature, we'd better be selective about the good habits we're going to adopt. We get more happiness with less effort if we carefully select a few excellent habits we'd like to have and master these, not bothering about all the other good habits we could in theory cultivate. There's a limit to the number of good habits most of us can practice. Yet a few habits can have a phenomenal effect on our happiness throughout life--we get a massive bonanza from a little upfront effort.

  23. high-payoff new habits

  24. You shouldn't choose a habit because it's morally 'good', but because of the huge benefit to you. Just choose seven super-rewarding habits that will be your friend for life.

  25. overleaf

  26. Examples of high lifetime payoff habits

Daily exercise:

Daily intellectual exercise

Doing one altruistic act a day

Meditating or quiet thinking each day

Daily nurturing of your lover

Always give praise or thanks where possible

Save and invest 10 percent of income

Being generous to friends

Always having 2-3 hours of pure relaxation every day

Never lying

Keeping calm and relaxed always

Focusing on what matters to you

Deciding never to worry: always to act and not worry or not act and not worry

Habitually asking yourself how to get more with less

Pick the few high-payoff habits that will make you happiest. This list is far from exhaustive, so add any habits that have the potential to make you very happy, then master your seven.

  1. Time is a gentle god.   ----Sophocles

  2. He decided to go to Tibet, enter a monastery, and undertake rigorous spiritual studies.

  3. It took just a moment of inspiration, while he was relaxing, thinking about nothing much.

  4. Time is like that: cussed when we try to speed up, a dear friend when we slow down.

  5. In fact, being lazy---having plenty of time to think---may actually be a precondition for achieving a great deal.

  6. Because most of us don't have to labor with our hands, we use our minds to create great wealth, science, and culture.

  7. Here is a parabox. We have never been so free, yet failed to realize the extent of our freedom. We have never had so much time, yet felt we had so little. Modern life bullies us to speed up our lives. We use technology to do everything faster. But in racing against the clock, all we do is stress ourselves out. Going faster doesn't give us more time---it makes us feel that we're always behind. We battle against time, our imagined enemy. We perceive time as accelerating, draining out from our lives at an alarming rate.

  8. There are two ways in which we experience time. There is the small quantity of time--the 20 percent or less..that delivers 80 percent of what we want. And there is the much larer quantity of time..the 80 percent or more..that delivers a miserable 20 percent.

  9. Time doesn't run at a constant rate. Time flows in fits and starts, in gurgles and splurges, in trickles and floods. There are long periods when nothing happens, and short bursts when a tidal wave tranforms our world.

  10. There are times when we are totally absorbed, absolutely happy, in tune with the universe---when time stands still. 

  11. We can sharply boost the quality of our lives by changing our use of time.

  12. a good rule of thumb

  13. When they first hear about the 80/20 principle, many people get the wrong end of the stick.

  14. I was worn out. 

  15. I was goofing off.

  16. Achievement islands are the small time periods when you are your most productive or creative: when you get more with less, accomplishing the most with little apparent effort in very little time.

  17. Could you spend more time on the things you enjoy, even without quitting your day job? Could a hobby, interest, or sideline in your life blosson into a new career? Find out: spend more time on the things you enjoy. Try out your new projects while you are still working at your normal job. Experiment with different ideas until one clicks. 

  18. Once there was a wayward school kid. Expelled for being disruptive, he found a badly paid job as a junior clerical officer. 

  19. In his mid-twenties he rocked the scientifil world with teh theory of relativity.

  20. He relished the rest of his life as the first "celebrity scientist."

  21. 葡京的网投 ,Many great ideas have come from people doing ordinary jobs. Time that would otherwise be wasted and miserable can become hugely creative and enjoyable.

  22. Think about the 80/20 questions overleaf. To answer them, try thinking about or writing down everything that really excites you, that you love doing in any part of life---at work, your hobbies and sports, the best minutes of each day. Then either choose one of these activities and make it central to your life, or work out what the activities have in common and do more of that, and less of everything else. 

  23. My life took a turn for the better when I realized that what I loved doing was evoking enthusiasm.

  24. It's the thing I enjoy most and do best has led me to a fuller and richer life, while also doing less. 

  25. Down with time management, up with time revolution.

 51. In today's faster world, hours are longer, work less leisurely, and pressure more intense.

  1. With time management, we work more and relax less. 

  2. Time revolution says the opposite. We have too much time, not too little. It is because we have so much time that we squander it.

  3. To detonate your time revolution, slow down. Stop worrying. Do fewer things.

  4. Chuck your to do list, make a not to do list.

  5. Act less, think more. Reflect on what really matters to you. Stop doing anything that isn't valuable, that doesn't make you happy. Savor life.

  6. 在线网投平台 ,Reclaim time for yourself and the people you care about.

  7. business acumen

  8. He was always dressed immaculately.

  9. languidly writing down ...

  10. The present moment is vital. Don't live in the past or the future. Don't worry about the past or the future. Get more with less---confine yourself to the present moment and enjoy concentrating on it.

  11. We can be proud of our past and we can hope for our future, but we can only live in the present.

  12. We have the precious gift of life today, to be enjoyed and experienced how we choose. Each moment of life has the quality of eternity, the stamp of our own individuality. When time stands still, we are totally absorbed in the present. We are everything and we are nothing. Time is fleeting and eternal. We are happy, life has meaning. We're part of time, and also out-side it.

  13. When the present moment has meaning, time is one seamless whole, valuable yet inconspicuous. 

  14. The rush is over, anxieties recede, bliss increases. We can be intensely happy in no time at all. When we are at one with life and the universe, we step outside time. We reach the highest form of more with less.

  15.  We can apply less is more and more with less to our life. 

  16. We will develop a personal action plan enabling us to thrive in the modern world while elegantly side-stepping its wearisome woes.

Chapter 4: Focus on Your Best 20 Percent

  1. I've got more energy now than when I was younger because I know exactly what I want to do.

                                 ---Legendary ballet master George Balanchine

  1. He ducked out of the standard tour to find a real movie being made.

  2. buttonhole

  3. He commandeered a deserted trailer.

  4. He became a fixture on the lot.

  5. He made a string a hits.

  6. Focus is the secret of all personal power, happiness, and success. Focus means doing less; being less. Focus makes less more. Few people focus, yet focus is easy. Focus expands individuality, the essence of being human.

  7. Life's greatest mystery is human character and uniqueness. We craft individuality. Other animals can't. 

  8. We're not totally subject to our genes.

  9. Our destiny lies in becoming individuals---creating and fulfilling our unique potential. We each evolve differently and unpredictably.

  10. Individuality implies differentiation. Becoming different requires editing, subtraction, focus. We become dissimilar by focusing on our distinctive and authentic parts.

  11. True, we're not blank slates. Our genes determine our appearance and have a big say in many other matters.

  12. We become individuals though subtraction. Less is more. We have the wonderful opportunity to let go of the bits of ourselves that are not authentic, not 'really us' --- the parts imposed by background, parents, and environment. The authentic self is a small part of our total self, yet it's the vital self. We all have special gifts, unique imaginations, our little bit of genius: the spark of life that's wholly ours.

  13. When we focus our self, we give up doing what many other people do, thinking what others think. Is this a loss? Of quantity, yes; but not of quality. In quality, less is more. By narrowing our interests, we deepen and intensify them. By focusing on our best, unique attributes, we become more individual, more human. We focus our power, our singularity, and our ability to enjoy life profoundly and uniquely.

  14. Developing individuality is a consicous process. It involves deciding who you are and who yuo are not; who you want to become and who you don't want to become. We become more distinctive individuals through deliberate decisions and actions, honing and increasing what is different and best about us. 

  15. Many people meander through life, muddling along without great hope or direction.

  16. Are they short-changing themselves?

  17. All of these decisions exclude. They simplify life, close off options, eliminate excess choice. They concentrate energy.

  18. a sounding board

  19. Whether you believe you can do something or you beliee you can't, you are right.

  20. Focus decreases doubt and turbo-charges confidence and power.

  21. The subconscious can resolve dilemmas, breed brilliant ideas, bring us peace and joy.

  22. Eureka!

  23. 33页

  12。 What does the speaker think is inevitable truth?

Thank you very much.

Until now you may still be confused what I am planning to talk about. There are two points. One is how to read books. And the other is about a book named KNOW CAN DO.

  13。 What does the speaker about her life in Tokyo?

Rain, somebody said, is like confetti from heaven. So even the heavens are celebrating this morning, joining the rest of us at this wonderful commencement ceremony. Before we go any further, graduates, you have an important task to perform because behind you are your parents and guardians. Two or three or four years ago, they drove into Cardigan, dropped you off, helped you get settled and then turned around and drove back out the gates. It was an extraordinary sacrifice for them. They drove down the trail of tears back to an emptier and lonelier house. They did that because the decision about your education, they knew, was about you. It was not about them. That sacrifice and others they made have brought you to this point. But this morning is not just about you. It is also about them, so I hope you will stand up and turn around and give them a great round of applause. Please.

I have always thought I can read until I meet the book HOW TO READ A BOOK. Luckily I meet this book when I am still young enough. Have you ever found after reading a book, you have got nothing only moved when reading?  It is due to something wrong with your reading method.

  14。 What makes the speaker change her life style?

Now when somebody asks me how the remarks at Cardigan went, I will be able to say they were interrupted by applause. Congratulations, class of

Firstly, you need know what kind of book you choose to read. It is novel or a learned book.For novels, while it is much interesting than the learned books. It would be much easier for you finding the pleasure. I would prefer to giving some suggestions for learned books. You could turn to the words from writer at the very beginning. Then it is the catalog, from which you could get the general structure of the wholel book. And get the main words which the writer mainly want to express. After these steps, you would have rough idea of the book. It is up to your need if it worth detailed reading or only fast reading.

  15。 What happened after the speaker changed her life style?

  1. You’ve reached an important milestone. An important stage of your life is behind you. I’m sorry to be the one to tell you it is the easiest stage of your life, but it is in the books. While you’ve been at Cardigan, you have all been a part of an important international community as well. And I think that needs to be particularly recognized.

Please kindly take a very important note that never use same speed to read all the books.


[Roberts gave brief remarks in other languages.]

For some classic books, you could do the fast reading first and get the repeated words appeared in the whole book. And you could combine what you need and expand the idea to what you want to apply.  Here is a very important point. It is thinking when and where you could use the information you get from the book while you reading. Not just follow up the writer's thought stream.

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Now around the country today at colleges, high schools, middle schools, commencement speakers are standing before impatient graduates. And they are almost always saying the same things. They will say that today is a commencement exercise. ‘It is a beginning, not an end. You should look forward.’ And I think that is true enough, however, I think if you’re going to look forward to figure out where you’re going, it’s good to know where you’ve been and to look back as well. And I think if you look back to your first afternoon here at Cardigan, perhaps you will recall that you were lonely. Perhaps you will recall that you were a little scared, a little anxious. And now look at you. You are surrounded by friends that you call brothers, and you are confident in facing the next step in your education.

After finishing reading a book, it is important to get the framework of the book and  and let more people know who may be willing to know.

It is worth trying to think why that is so. And when you do, I think you may appreciate that it was because of the support of your classmates in the classroom, on the athletic field and in the dorms. And as far as the confidence goes, I think you will appreciate that it is not because you succeeded at everything you did, but because with the help of your friends, you were not afraid to fail. And if you did fail, you got up and tried again. And if you failed again, you got up and tried again. And if you failed again, it might be time to think about doing something else. But it was not just success, but not being afraid to fail that brought you to this point.

Now we could move to the next part.After reading a book, no matter how much you have got. You would absolutly get something. Then what? Let it go with days pass? Of course not. We should use the knowledge into the practice.

Now the commencement speakers will typically also wish you good luck and extend good wishes to you. I will not do that, and I’ll tell you why. From time to time in the years to come, I hope you will be treated unfairly, so that you will come to know the value of justice. I hope that you will suffer betrayal because that will teach you the importance of loyalty. Sorry to say, but I hope you will be lonely from time to time so that you don’t take friends for granted. I wish you bad luck, again, from time to time so that you will be conscious of the role of chance in life and understand that your success is not completely deserved and that the failure of others is not completely deserved either. And when you lose, as you will from time to time, I hope every now and then, your opponent will gloat over your failure. It is a way for you to understand the importance of sportsmanship. I hope you’ll be ignored so you know the importance of listening to others, and I hope you will have just enough pain to learn compassion. Whether I wish these things or not, they’re going to happen. And whether you benefit from them or not will depend upon your ability to see the message in your misfortunes.

By chance, I just read the bookKNOW CAN DO recently. The writer is Ken Blanchard. It is really a good book for people who attempts to better themselves. Have you ever found though we know a lot of principles but we still live a normal life?

Now commencement speakers are also expected to give some advice. They give grand advice, and they give some useful tips. The most common grand advice they give is for you to be yourself. It is an odd piece of advice to give people dressed identically, but you should — you should be yourself. But you should understand what that means. Unless you are perfect, it does not mean don’t make any changes. In a certain sense, you should not be yourself. You should try to become something better. People say ‘be yourself’ because they want you to resist the impulse to conform to what others want you to be. But you can’t be yourself if you don't learn who are, and you can’t learn who you are unless you think about it.

KNOW CAN DO would let you know how to apply the principles or knowledges into the practice and make it be part of yourself. I conclude the writer's idea to 4 parts. It is perfect repeating, active thinking, greenlight thinking, support and encourage.

The Greek philosopher Socrates said, ‘The unexamined life is not worth living.’ And while ‘just do it’ might be a good motto for some things, it’s not a good motto when it’s trying to figure out how to live your life that is before you. And one important clue to living a good life is to not to try to live THE good life. The best way to lose the values that are central to who you are is frankly not to think about them at all.

Perfect repeating, people won't make any change if only be informed once. 6 times would be change point.

So that’s the deep advice. Now some tips as you get ready to go to your new school. Other the last couple of years, I have gotten to know many of you young men pretty well, and I know you are good guys. But you are also privileged young men. And if you weren’t privileged when you came here, you are privileged now because you have been here. My advice is: Don’t act like it.

Active thinking, our mind have been set up a sttuborn thinking mold. While we are listening new information, it would filter naturally any the mind does not like.  So try to absorb whatever you get.

When you get to your new school, walk up and introduce yourself to the person who is raking the leaves, shoveling the snow or emptying the trash. Learn their name and call them by their name during your time at the school. Another piece of advice: When you pass by people you don’t recognize on the walks, smile, look them in the eye and say hello. The worst thing that will happen is that you will become known as the young man who smiles and says hello, and that is not a bad thing to start with.

Greenlight thinking, say yes first when you get some suggestion from others. Then you could try to find ways to approve it. It would be miracle.

You’ve been at a school with just boys. Most of you will be going to a school with girls. I have no advice for you.

Support and encourgae, it is lonely to go further. So try to find anyone could help each other. Encouraging is a rare treasure though it is easy.

The last bit of advice I’ll give you is very simple, but I think it could make a big difference in your life. Once a week, you should write a note to someone. Not an email. A note on a piece of paper. It will take you exactly 10 minutes. Talk to an adult, let them tell you what a stamp is. You can put the stamp on the envelope. Again, 10 minutes, once a week. I will help you, right now. I will dictate to you the first note you should write. It will say, ‘Dear [fill in the name of a teacher at Cardigan Mountain School].’ Say: ‘I have started at this new school. We are reading [blank] in English. Football or soccer practice is hard, but I’m enjoying it. Thank you for teaching me.’ Put it in an envelope, put a stamp on it and send it. It will mean a great deal to people who — for reasons most of us cannot contemplate — have dedicated themselves to teaching middle school boys. As I said, that will take you exactly 10 minutes a week. By the end of the school year, you will have sent notes to 40 people. Forty people will feel a little more special because you did, and they will think you are very special because of what you did. No one else is going to carry that dividend during your time at school.

Hope it would help in some way. Good night.

Enough advice. I would like to end by reading some important lyrics. I cited the Greek philosopher Socrates earlier. These lyrics are from the great American philosopher, Bob Dylan. They’re almost 50 years old. He wrote them for his son, Jesse, who he was missing while he was on tour. It lists the hopes that a parent might have for a son and for a daughter. They’re also good goals for a son and a daughter. The wishes are beautiful, they’re timeless. They’re universal. They’re good and true, except for one: It is the wish that gives the song its title and its refrain. That wish is a parent’s lament. It’s not a good wish. So these are the lyrics from Forever Young by Bob Dylan:


May God bless you and keep you always

2018年01月16日 22:40

May your wishes all come true

May you always do for others

And let others do for you

May you build a ladder to the stars

And climb on every rung

And may you stay forever young

May you grow up to be righteous

May you grow up to be true

May you always know the truth

And see the lights surrounding you

May you always be courageous

Stand upright and be strong

And may you stay forever young

May your hands always be busy

May your feet always be swift

May you have a strong foundation

When the winds of changes shift

May your heart always be joyful

May your song always be sung

And may you stay forever young

Thank you.